Friendship is one of the greatest blessings that not everyone is lucky enough to have. We meet a lot of people in the journey of life but there are only a few who leave a mark on us. My best friend is one such person who has been able to make a positive impact on my life. We have been a part of each other’s lives for the longest time and our friendship is still developing.
Our friendship started when my best friend came in as a new admission to our class. Both of us were hesitant to talk to each other at first, but gradually we developed a bond. I remember the first time my best friend tried to talk to me; I rolled my eyes because I thought there was no use and we wouldn’t hit it off. However, to my surprise, we became best friends by the end of the session year.
We learned so many things about each other and found out that our taste in music was so similar. Since then, there was no stopping us. We spent all our time together and our friendship became the talk of the class. We used to help each other out in studies and visited each other’s home as well.
On our summer break, we even went to summer camp together and made a lot of memories. Moreover, we even invented our own handshake which only both of us knew. Through this bond, I learned that family doesn’t end with blood because my best friend was no less than my family.
Memories are the part and parcel of every one’s life.
A man always remembers the good days he has passed. There are some good memories and some bad memories in life. The good memories are the good experiences one gets in one’s life. The good memories includes; school life memories including primary, high school, college and university life memories.
The school life is the best life for everyone because those days plays a key role in everyone’s life.
The school life is the golden time period of learning.We get good learning experience, the self confidence, motivation and the will to do the best.
When we recall our school days, the first thing that we get to our mind is our teachers, as well as our friends.
There we meet so many people among them we met some people who stays with us throughout our life.
I believe, what we learn during high school life or college life, it truly impacts the rest of your life.One of my best high school memory was the day when I won a gold medal in IMO (International Maths Olampiard).
Those school life pictures are like my best memories. I remember the days we celebrated, the extracurricular activities we took part in.
By remembering these memories helps me soothes my pain. The joys of school life are surely countless. Indeed, the school days are the best memories of our lives.
The world’s largest volunteer organization is nothing but Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, abbreviated as RSS.
Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, abbreviated as RSS is an Indian right-wing, Hindu nationalist, paramilitary volunteer organisation. The RSS is the progenitor and leader of a large body of organisations called the Sangh Parivar, which have presence in all facets of the Indian society. RSS was founded on 27 September 1925.
RSS is an Indian volunteer organisation. The RSS is the progenitor and leader of a large body of organisations called the Sangh Parivar (the “family of the RSS”), which have presence in all facets of the Indian society. RSS was founded on 27 September 1925. As of 2014, it has a membership of 5–6 million.
The initial impetus was to provide character training through Hindu discipline and to unite the Hindu community to form a Hindu Rashtra (Hindu nation). The organisation promotes the ideals of upholding Indian culture and the values of a civil society and spreads the ideology of Hindutva, to “strengthen” the Hindu community. It drew initial inspiration from European right-wing groups during World War II. Gradually, RSS grew into a prominent Hindu nationalist umbrella organisation, spawning several affiliated organisations that established numerous schools, charities, and clubs to spread its ideological beliefs.
Hedgewar was a political protege of B. S. Moonje, a TilakiteCongressman, Hindu Mahasabha politician and social activist from Nagpur. Moonje had sent Hedgewar to Calcutta to pursue his medical studies and to learn combat techniques from the revolutionary secret societies of the Bengalis. Hedgewar became a member of the Anushilan Samiti, an anti-British revolutionary group, getting into its inner circle. The secretive methods of these societies were eventually used by him in organising the RSS.
The first pracharaks were responsible for establishing as many shakhas as possible, first in Nagpur, then across Maharashtra and eventually in the rest of India. P. B. Dani was sent to establish a shakha at the Benaras Hindu University and other Universities were similarly targeted to recruit new followers among the student population. Three pracharaks went to Punjab: Appaji Joshi to Sialkot, Moreshwar Munje to the DAV College in Rawalpindi and Raja Bhau Paturkar to the DAV College in Lahore. In 1940, Madhavrao Muley was appointed as the prant pracharak (regional missionary) in Lahore.
After Tilak’s demise in 1920, like other followers of Tilak in Nagpur, Hedgewar was opposed to some of the programmes adopted by Gandhi. Gandhi’s stance on the Indian Muslim Khilafat issue was a cause for concern to Hedgewar, and so was the fact that the ‘cow protection‘ was not on the Congress agenda. This led Hedgewar, along with other Tilakities, to part ways with Gandhi. In 1921, Hedgewar delivered a series of lectures in Maharashtra with slogans such as “Freedom within a year” and “boycott”. He deliberately broke the law, for which he was imprisoned for a year. After being released in , Hedgewar was distressed at the lack of organisation among the Congress volunteers for the independence struggle. Without proper mobilisation and organisation, he felt that the patriotic youth of India could never get independence for the country. Subsequently, he felt the need to create an independent organisation that was based on the country’s traditions and history.
The decade of 1920s witnessed a significant deterioration in the relations between Hindus and Muslims. The Muslim masses were mobilised by the Khilafat movement, demanding the reinstatement of the Caliphate in Turkey, and Gandhi made an alliance with it for conducting his own Non-co-operation movement. Gandhi aimed to create Hindu-Muslim unity in forming the alliance. However, the alliance saw a “common enemy”, not a “common enmity”. When Gandhi called off the Non-co-operation movement due to outbreaks of violence, Muslims disagreed with his strategy. Once the movements failed, the mobilised Muslims turned their anger towards Hindus. The first major incident of religious violence was reportedly the Moplah rebellion in August 1921, it was widely narrated that the rebellion ended in large-scale violence against Hindu in Malabar. A cycle of inter-communal violence throughout India followed for several years. In 1923, there were riots in Nagpur, called “Muslim riots” by Hedgewar, where Hindus were felt to be “totally disorganized and panicky.” These incidents made a major impression on Hedgewar and convinced him of the need to organise the Hindu society.
Indian Independence Movement
After the formation of the RSS, which portrays itself as a social movement, Hedgewar kept the organisation from having any direct affiliation with the political organisations then fighting British rule. RSS rejected Gandhi’s willingness to co-operate with the Muslims.
In accordance with Hedgewar’s tradition of keeping the RSS away from the Indian Independence movement, any political activity that could be construed as being anti-British was carefully avoided. According to the RSS biographerC. P. Bhishikar, Hedgewar talked only about Hindu organisations and avoided any direct comment on the Government. The “Independence Day” announced by the Indian National Congress for 26 January 1930 was celebrated by the RSS that year but was subsequently avoided. The Tricolor of the Indian national movement was shunned. Hedgewar personally participated in the ‘Satyagraha’ launched by Gandhi in April 1930, but he did not get the RSS involved in the movement. He sent information everywhere that the RSS would not participate in the Satyagraha. However, those wishing to participate individually were not prohibited. In 1934 Congress passed a resolution prohibiting its members from joining RSS, Hindu Mahasabha, or the Muslim League.
. S. Golwalkar, who became the leader of the RSS in 1940, continued and further strengthened the isolation from the independence movement. In his view, the RSS had pledged to achieve freedom through “defending religion and culture”, not by fighting the British. Golwalkar lamented the anti-British nationalism, calling it a “reactionary view” that, he claimed, had disastrous effects upon the entire course of the freedom struggle. It is believed that Golwalkar did not want to give the British an excuse to ban the RSS. He complied with all the strictures imposed by the Government during the Second World War, even announcing the termination of the RSS military department. The British Government believed that the RSS was not supporting any civil disobedience against them, and their other political activities could thus be overlooked. The British Home Department took note of the fact that the speakers at the RSS meetings urged the members to keep aloof from the anti-British movements of the Indian National Congress, which was duly followed.
Attitude towards Jews
During World War II, the RSS leaders openly admired Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini . Golwalkar took inspiration from Adolf Hitler’s ideology of racial purity. This did not imply any antipathy towards Jews. The RSS leaders were supportive of the formation of Jewish State of Israel. Golwalkar admired the Jews for maintaining their “religion, culture and language”.
The Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh initially did not recognise the Tricolor as the National Flag of India. The RSS-inspired publication, the Organiser, demanded, in an editorial titled “National Flag”, that the Bhagwa Dhwaj (Saffron Flag) be adopted as the National Flag of India. After the Tricolor was adopted as the National Flag by the Constituent Assembly of India on 22 July 1947, the Organiser viciously attacked the Tricolor and the Constituent Assembly’s decision.
RSS does not have any formal membership. According to the official website, men and boys can become members by joining the nearest shakha, which is the basic unit. Although the RSS claims not to keep membership records, it is estimated to have had 2.5 to 6.0 million members in 2001.
Leadership and member positions
There are the following terms to describe RSS leaders and members:
Sarsanghchalak: The Sarsanghchalak is the head of the RSS organisation; the position is decided through nomination by the predecessor.
Sah-Sarkayavah: Joint General Secretary, of which there are four. Notable Sah Sarkarayvahs include Dattatreya Hosabale.
Vicharak: A number of RSS leaders serve as Vicharak or ideologues for the organisation.
Pracharak: Active, full-time missionary who spreads RSS doctrine. The system of pracharak or RSS missionaries has been called the life blood of the organisation. A number of these men devote themselves to lifetime of celibacy, poverty, and service to the organisation. The pracharaks were instrumental in spreading the organisation from its roots in Nagpur to the rest of the country. There are about 2500 pracharaks in RSS.
Karyakarta: Active functionary. To become a karyakarta, swayamsevak members undergo four levels of ideological and physical training in Sangh Shiksha Varg camps. 95% of karyakartas are known as grahastha karyakartas, or householders, supporting the organisation part-time; while 5% are pracharaks, who support the organisation full-time.
Mukhya-Shikshak: The Head-teacher and chief of a Shakha.
Swayamsevak (स्वयंसेवक):volunteer. Svayam can mean “one’s self” or “voluntary,” and sevakaAtal Bihari Vajpayee described himself as Swayamsevak. They attend the shahkas of the RSS.
The term shakha is Hindi for “branch”. Most of the organisational work of the RSS is done through the co-ordination of the various shakhas, or branches. These shakhas are run for one hour in public places. The number of shakhas increased from 8500 in 1975 to 11,000 in 1977, and became 20,000 by 1982. In 2004 more than 51,000 shakhas were run throughout India. The number of shakas had fallen by over 10,000 since the fall of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)-led government in 2004. However, by mid-2014, the number had again increased to about 40,000 after the return of BJP to power in Delhi in the same year. This number stood at 51,335 in August 2015.
The shakhas conduct various activities for its volunteers such as physical fitness through yoga, exercises, and games, and activities that encourage civic awareness, social service, community living, and patriotism. Volunteers are trained in first aid and in rescue and rehabilitation operations, and are encouraged to become involved in community development.
In October 2016, the RSS replaced the uniform of khaki shorts its cadre had worn for 91 years with dark brown trousers.
Organisations that are inspired by the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh’s ideology refer to themselves as members of the Sangh Parivar.In most cases, pracharaks (full-time volunteers of the RSS) were deputed to start up and manage these organisations in their initial years.
Although RSS has never directly contested elections, it supports parties that are similar ideologically. Although RSS generally endorses the BJP, it has at times refused to do so due to the difference of opinion with the party.
Physical fitness refers to the ability of your body systems to work together efficiently to allow you to be healthy and perform activities of daily living. Being efficient means doing daily activities with the least effort possible. A fit person is able to perform schoolwork, meet home responsibilities, and still have enough energy to enjoy sport and other leisure activities. A fit person can respond effectively to normal life situations, such as raking leaves at home, stocking shelves at a part-time job, and marching in the band at school. A fit person can also respond to emergency situations – for example, by running to get help or aiding a friend in distress.
THE PARTS OF PHYSICAL FITNESS
Physical fitness is made up of 11 parts – 6 of them health related and 5 skill related. All of the parts are important to good performance in physical activity, including sports. But the 6 are referred to as contributing to health-related physical fitness because scientists in kinesiology have shown that they can reduce your risk of chronic disease and promote good health and wellness. These parts of fitness are body composition, cardiorespiratory endurance, flexibility, muscular endurance, power, and strength. They also help you function effectively in daily activities.
HEALTH-RELATED PHYSICAL FITNESS
Think about a runner. She can probably run a long distance without tiring; thus she has good fitness in at least one area of health-related physical fitness. But does she have good fitness in all six parts? Running is an excellent form of physical activity, but being a runner doesn’t guarantee fitness in all parts of health-related physical fitness. Like the runner, you may be more fit in some parts of fitness than in others. The feature named The Six Parts of Health-Related Fitness describes each part and shows an example. As you read about each part, ask yourself how fit you think you are in that area.
Power, formerly classified as a skill-related part of fitness, is now classified as a health-related part of fitness. A report by the independent Institute of Medicine provides evidence of the link between physical power and health. The report indicates that power is associated with wellness, higher quality of life, reduced risk of chronic disease and early death, and better bone health. Power, and activities that improve power, have also been found to be important for healthy bones in children and teens.
SKILL-RELATED PHYSICAL FITNESS
Exercise for a happier, healthier you.
Need more convincing to get moving? Check out these additional six ways exercise can lead to a happier, healthier you.
Exerise controls weight
Exerise combats health conditions and diseases
Exercise improves mood
Exercise boosts energy
Exercise puts the spark back in your sex life
Exercise can be fun…and social
How does heart health change with exercise?
The heart changes and improves its efficiency after persistent training. However, more recent research shows that different types of activity change the heart in subtly different ways.
All types of exercise increase the heart’s overall size, but there are significant differences between endurance athletes, like rowers, and strength athletes, like football players. Endurance athletes’ hearts show expanded left and right ventricles, whereas strength athletes show thickening of their heart wall, particularly the left ventricle
How does lung health change with exercise?
While the heart steadily strengthens over time, the respiratory system does not adjust to the same degree. Lung function does not drastically change, but oxygen that is taken in by the lungs is used more effectively.
In general, exercise encourages the body to become more efficient at taking on, distributing, and using oxygen. This improvement, over time, increases endurance and overall health.
The American College of Sports Medicine recommends aerobic exercise 3-5 times per week for 30-60 minutes, at an intensity that keeps the heart rate at 65-85 percent of the maximum heart rate.
10 Exercises to Tone Every Inch of Your Body
Start by standing with your feet shoulder-width apart and arms down at your sides.
Take a step forward with your right leg and bend your right knee as you do so, stopping when your thigh is parallel to the ground. Ensure that your right knee doesn’t extend past your right foot.
Push up off your right foot and return to the starting position. Repeat with your left leg. This is one rep.
Complete 10 reps for 3 sets
Start in a plank position. Your core should be tight, shoulders pulled down and back, and your neck neutral.
Bend your elbows and begin to lower your body down to the floor. When your chest grazes it, extend your elbows and return to the start. Focus on keeping your elbows close to your body during the movement.
Complete 3 sets of as many reps as possible.
Start by standing straight, with your feet slightly wider than shoulder-width apart, and your arms at your sides.
Brace your core and, keeping your chest and chin up, push your hips back and bend your knees as if you’re going to sit in a chair.
Ensuring your knees don’t bow inward or outward, drop down until your thighs are parallel to the ground, bringing your arms out in front of you in a comfortable position. Pause for one second, then extend your legs and return to the starting position.
Complete 3 sets of 20 reps.
Standing overhead dumbbell presses
Pick a light set of dumbbells — we recommend 10 pounds to start — and start by standing, either with your feet shoulder-width apart or staggered. Move the weights overhead so your upper arms are parallel to the floor.
Bracing your core, begin to push up until your arms are fully extended above your head. Keep your head and neck stationary.
After a brief pause, bend your elbows and lower the weight back down until your tricep is parallel to the floor again.
Complete 3 sets of 12 reps.
Start with a dumbbell in each hand. We recommend no more than 10 pounds for beginners.
Bend forward at the waist so your back is at a 45-degree angle to the ground. Be certain not to arch your back. Let your arms hang straight down. Ensure your neck is in line with your back and your core is engaged.
Starting with your right arm, bend your elbow and pull the weight straight up toward your chest, making sure to engage your lat, and stopping just below your chest.
Return to the starting position and repeat with the left arm. This is one rep. Repeat 10 times for 3 sets.
Begin standing with a dumbbell in your right hand and your knees slightly bent.
Hinging at the hips, begin to kick your left leg straight back behind you, lowering the dumbbell down toward the ground.
When you reach a comfortable height with your left leg, slowly return to the starting position in a controlled motion, squeezing your right glute. Ensure that your pelvis stays square to the ground during the movement.
Repeat 10 to 12 reps before moving the weight to your left hand and repeating the same steps on the left leg.
Start by standing upright with your feet shoulder-width apart and your arms down at your sides.
With your hands out in front of you, start to squat down. When your hands reach the ground, pop your legs straight back into a pushup position.
Do a pushup.
Come back up to the starting pushup position and jump your feet up to your palms by hinging at the waist. Get your feet as close to your hands as you can get, landing them outside your hands if necessary.
Stand up straight, bringing your arms above your head and jump.
This is one rep. Complete 3 sets of 10 reps as a beginner.
Lie on your right side with your left leg and foot stacked on top of your right leg and foot. Prop your upper body up by placing your right forearm on the ground, elbow directly under your shoulder.
Contract your core to stiffen your spine and lift your hips and knees off the ground, forming a straight line with your body.
Return to start in a controlled manner. Repeat 3 sets of 10-15 reps on one side, then switch
Start by lying on the ground on your back with your knees bent, feet flat, and your hands behind your head.
Keeping your feet glued to the ground, begin to roll up from your head, engaging your core throughout. Don’t strain your neck during the upward motion.
When your chest reaches your legs, begin the controlled phase back down to the starting position.
Complete 3 sets of 15 reps as a beginner.
Start by lying on the floor with your knees bent, feet flat on the ground, and arms straight at your sides with your palms facing down.
Pushing through your heels, raise your hips off the ground by squeezing your core, glutes, and hamstrings. Your upper back and shoulders should still be in contact with the ground, and your core down to your knees should form a straight line.
Pause 1-2 seconds at the top and return to the starting position.
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a new virus.
The disease causes respiratory illness (like the flu) with symptoms such as a cough, fever, and in more severe cases, difficulty breathing. You can protect yourself by washing your hands frequently, avoiding touching your face, and avoiding close contact (1 meter or 3 feet) with people who are unwell.
How it spreads :-
Coronavirus disease spreads primarily through contact with an infected person when they cough or sneeze. It also spreads when a person touches a surface or object that has the virus on it, then touches their eyes, nose, or mouth. It also spreads by the further usage of things used by effected people.
People may be sick with the virus for 1 to 14 days before developing symptoms. Most people (about 80%) recover from the disease without needing special treatment. More rarely, the disease can be serious and even fatal. Older people, and people with other medical conditions (such as asthma, diabetes, or heart disease), may be more vulnerable to becoming severely ill.
People may experience: • cough • fever • tiredness • difficulty breathing (severe cases).
The most common symptoms of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) are fever, tiredness, and dry cough.
There’s currently no vaccine to prevent coronavirus disease (COVID-19).
You can protect yourself and help prevent spreading the virus to others if you:
Do’s • Wash your hands regularly for 20 seconds, with soap and water or alcohol-based hand rub • Cover your nose and mouth with a disposable tissue or flexed elbow when you cough or sneeze • Avoid close contact (1 meter or 3 feet) with people who are unwell • Stay home and self-isolate from others in the household if you feel unwell
Don’t • Touch your eyes, nose, or mouth if your hands are not clean
There is no specific medicine to prevent or treat coronavirus disease (COVID-19). People may need supportive care to help them breathe.
If you have mild symptoms, stay at home until you’ve recovered. You can relieve your symptoms if you: • rest and sleep • keep warm • drink plenty of liquids • use a room humidifier or take a hot shower to help ease a sore throat and cough
Medical Treatments :-
If you develop a fever, cough, and have difficulty breathing, promptly seek medical care. Call in advance and tell your health provider of any recent travel or recent contact with travelers.
Research & Development :-
On 31 December 2019, WHO was informed of a cluster of cases of pneumonia of unknown cause detected in Wuhan City, Hubei Province of China. The coronavirus disease (COVID-2019) was identified as the causative virus by Chinese authorities on 7 January. As part of WHO’s response to the outbreak, the R&D Blueprint has been activated to accelerate diagnostics, vaccines and therapeutics for this novel coronavirus.
Global research and innovation forum: towards a research roadmap
On 30 January 2020, following the recommendations of the Emergency Committee, the WHO Director-General declared that the outbreak constitutes a Public Health Emergency of International Concern(PHEIC).
World scientists on COVID-19 met at the World Health Organization’s Geneva headquarters from 11 to 12 February 2020 to assess the current level of knowledge about the new virus, agree on critical research questions that need to be answered urgently, and ways to work together to accelerate and fund priority research that can contribute to curtail this outbreak and prepare for future outbreaks.
As of today (09 April 2020) the cases all over the World is:-
Among all the cases the classification is given by :-
As we see in INDIA :-
Updated on 09 April 2020
In Vitro Diagnostic Tests
In vitro diagnostics are tests performed on samples taken from the human body, such as swabs of mucus from inside the nose or back of the throat or blood taken from a finger prick or drawn by a phlebotomist. In vitro diagnostics can detect diseases or other conditions and can be used to monitor a person’s overall health to help cure, treat, or prevent diseases. Patients, as well as their physicians, depend on the FDA to ensure that the in vitro diagnostics they use to make medical decisions are accurate, reliable, and clinically meaningful.
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Personal protective equipment (PPE) refers to protective clothing, helmets, gloves, face shields, goggles, face masks, respirators, and other equipment designed to protect the wearer from injury or help prevent wearer exposure to infection or illness.
PPE is commonly used in health care settings such as hospitals, doctor’s offices, and clinical labs, as well as veterinary hospitals, food production facilities, and food service settings. When used properly, PPE acts as a barrier between infectious materials (such as viral and bacterial contaminants) and your skin, mouth, nose, or eyes (mucous membranes). The barrier provided by the PPE has the potential to block transmission of contaminants from blood, body fluids, or respiratory secretions when used properly.
A continuous ventilator is a device intended to mechanically control or assist patient breathing by delivering a predetermined percentage of oxygen in the breathing gas.
The FDA recognizes that the need for ventilators, ventilator accessories, and other respiratory devices may outpace the supply available to health care facilities during the COVID-19 pandemic. As a result, the FDA is recommending the following conservation strategies for use by health care organizations and personnel
COVID-19 Related Guidance Documents for Medical Devices :-
Guidance documents are documents issued by the FDA that describe the agency’s interpretation of or policy on a regulatory issue. The title of the guidance often indicates the intended audiences for the guidance, such as industry (medical device manufacturers and distributors), clinical laboratories, and FDA staff.
To address the COVID-19 public health emergency, the FDA has determined that prior public participation for the following guidance documents is not feasible or appropriate. Accordingly, the FDA issued these guidances without prior public comment.
These guidance documents are immediately in effect, but they remain subject to public comment in accordance with the FDA’s good gauidance practices.